Doctors find colon polyps while performing a rectal exam. A diagnosis may also be made based on the results of a CT scan, digital rectal and colon examination, double-contrast barium enema study, sigmoidoscopy (a test that examines the lower intestines), or a colonoscopy (a test that examines the entire colon). After colon polyps have been identified, they may have to be removed.

You should be getting screened for colon polyps regularly if you are genetically predisposed or over the age of 50. If you are considered high-risk, consult your doctor about undergoing regular colon polyps screening, typically annually, at a younger age.

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